Skip to main content

Vacuum Tube Manuals

In electronics, a vacuum tube, electron tube (in North America), tube, or thermionic valve or valve (in British English) is a device controlling electric current through a vacuum in a sealed container. The simplest vacuum tube, the diode, contains only two elements; current can only flow in one direction through the device between the two electrodes, as electrons emitted by the hot cathode travel through the tube and are collected by the anode, or in conventional current terms, anode to cathode. Addition of a third and additional electrodes allows the current flowing between cathode and anode to be controlled in various ways. The device can be used as an electronic amplifier, a rectifier, an electronically controlled switch, an oscillator, and for other purposes.

Vacuum tubes mostly rely on thermionic emission of electrons from a hot filament or a cathode heated by the filament. Some electron tube devices rely on the properties of a discharge through an ionized gas.

Vacuum tubes were critical to the development of electronic technology, which drove the expansion and commercialization of radio broadcasting, television, radar, sound reinforcement, sound recording and reproduction, large telephone networks, analog and digital computers, and industrial process control. Although some applications had counterparts using earlier technologies such as the spark gap transmitter or mechanical computers, it was the invention of the vacuum tube with three electrodes (called a triode) and its capability of electronic amplification that made these technologies widespread and practical.

In most applications, solid-state devices such as transistors and other semiconductor devices have replaced tubes. Solid-state devices last longer and are smaller, more efficient, more reliable, and cheaper than tubes. However, tubes are still manufactured for applications where solid-state devices are impractical.


PART OF
The ARCHIVE.ORG Manual Library
Additional Collections
More right-solid
More right-solid
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 6,299
favorite 5
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-30 1975
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, grid, current, amplifier, refer, tube, type, heater, plate current, volts...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 3,321
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Interchange 1960
Topics: vpt, rca, rit, tube, types, replaced, prefix, ges, typef, column, rca vpt, rca rit, vpt vpt,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,924
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Sylvania 1959
Topics: volts, voltage, grid, plate, heater, sylvania, cathode, current, type, data, sylvania type, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: ARRL - Amatur Radio Handbok (1941)
Topics: plate, voltage, circuit, grid, antenna, frequency, amplifier, output, current, tube, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,405
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Mullard Tubes 196x
Topics: pentode, octal, triode, output, change, base, bias, require, cathode, rectifier, output pentode,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,345
favorite 2
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA TT-5 1962
Topics: max, plate, volts, voltage, grid, power, maximum, current, watts, tube, plate current, max volts,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,294
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Raytheon Tubes 196x
Topics: pentode, htr, fil, voltage, triode, pulsed, volts, type, diode, amplifier, pentode power, fixed...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,272
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA 1940 Vacuum Tube Design
Topics: grid, electron, tube, cathode, voltage, tubes, current, plate, metal, electrons, tube design,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Radio Designers Handbook 4th Ed 1952
Topics: voltage, frequency, grid, circuit, plate, output, input, resistance, valve, current, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,251
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: GE Neon Lamps 1965
Topics: voltage, lamp, glow, lamps, circuit, frequency, resistance, maintaining, output, breakdown, glow...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,136
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Philips Part 4 1972
Topics: grid, voltage, anode, current, heater, cathode, resistor, triode, pentode, january, anode current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,068
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: GE Essential Characteristics
Topics: amplifier, max, voltage, plate, class, volts, triode, pentode, mag, current, max peak, power...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 2,029
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Vacuum Tube Oscilators (1953)
Topics: frequency, circuit, voltage, oscillator, oscillators, amplitude, plate, grid, output, tube, power...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,982
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Sylvania 1951
Topics: volts, voltage, plate, maximum, current, grid, heater, sylvania, type, screen, volts maximum,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,936
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Spangenberg- Vacuum Tubes (1948)
Topics: electron, grid, current, tubes, electrons, vacuum, plate, potential, cathode, voltage, transit...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,887
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-26 1968
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, grid, current, amplifier, heater, tube, max, peak, plate current, volts...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,882
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Raytheon Amateur 1938
Topics: plate, volts, grid, voltage, power, current, watts, amplifier, tube, tubes, plate voltage, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,877
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Amperite Ballasts
Topics: amperite, current, voltage, ballast, relay, solving, regulators, regulator, requirements, operated,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,865
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Western Electric Tubes 1956
Topics: triode, triodo, air, pentode, cathode, tetrode, octal, volts, anode, electric, western electric,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,787
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-14 1940
Topics: voltage, plate, volts, tube, grid, current, amplifier, heater, screen, characteristics, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,777
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-19 1959
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, max, heater, type, grid, tube, cathode, current, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,719
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-17 1954
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, type, tube, max, grid, heater, cathode, current, plate current, max volts,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,707
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-24 1965
Topics: volts, max, plate, voltage, grid, heater, current, tube, cathode, amplifier, max volts, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,680
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RefBook 1956
Topics: rca, type, types, amplifier, volts, tubes, guide, power, retma, plate, rca type, rca battery, radio...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,585
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Amperex 1958
Topics: volts, anode, voltage, output, current, grid, amperex, amps, type, tubes, power output, mercury...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,550
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-25 1967
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, grid, current, heater, amplifier, max, tube, peak, plate current, volts...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,530
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA 1962 Electron Tube Design
Topics: tube, cathode, electron, grid, voltage, current, tubes, design, plate, beam, tube design, electron...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,505
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-16 1950
Topics: volts, plate, voltage, type, heater, current, max, tube, cathode, grid, tube requires, heater...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,486
favorite 2
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA TT-4 1956
Topics: max, plate, voltage, volts, grid, current, power, watts, maximum, tube, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,477
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: STC 1947 Standard Valves
Topics: anode, voltage, maximum, grid, current, direct, filament, cathode, valve, triode, direct anode,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,475
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-23 1964
Topics: volts, max, plate, voltage, heater, grid, current, tube, cathode, amplifier, plate current, max...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Radiotron Designers Handbook (1953)
Topics: voltage, frequency, grid, circuit, plate, output, input, resistance, current, valve, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,450
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Brimar Tubes 196x (partial)
Topics: anode, voltage, volts, grid, current, screen, cathode, heater, type, output, anode voltage, control...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,445
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Taylor 1939
Topics: plate, grid, watts, tube, volts, tubes, bias, voltage, filament, circuit, plate current, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Radiotron Designers Handbook (1941)
Topics: voltage, grid, frequency, plate, resistance, valve, chapter, input, current, circuit, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,380
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Western Electric Tubes 1933
Topics: plate, tube, filament, grid, vacuum, voltage, volts, maximum, average, current, vacuum tube,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,339
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-18 1956
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, max, type, heater, grid, tube, cathode, current, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,294
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-13 1937
Topics: voltage, plate, volts, tube, grid, current, amplifier, output, heater, cathode, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Electron Tubes (1935-1941) vol1
Topics: current, electron, tube, grid, plate, cathode, anode, tubes, voltage, electrons, virtual cathode,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Industrial and Communications Types 1960
Topics: amplifier, plate, volts, class, cathode, type, peak, miniature, tubes, ohms, data refer, indicated...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,238
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-20 1960
Topics: volts, plate, max, voltage, heater, grid, type, tube, cathode, current, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Electron Tubes (1942-1948) vol2
Topics: tube, electron, voltage, cathode, current, grid, circuit, oscillator, noise, beam, magnetic field,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Basic Theory of Electron Tubes (Army 1952)
Topics: plate, voltage, grid, tube, current, electron, tubes, circuit, cathode, signal, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,151
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-21 1961
Topics: plate, volts, max, voltage, heater, grid, type, tube, cathode, current, max volts, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Pullen - Conductance Curve Design Manual (1958)
Topics: plate, screen, tube, voltage, characteristics, curve, volts, curves, pentode, cathode, screen...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Seely - Electron Tube Circuits (1950)
Topics: circuit, voltage, grid, tube, plate, output, circuits, current, frequency, amplifier, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,110
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-15 1947 NJ7P AS
Topics: plate, volts, voltage, tube, type, max, heater, grid, current, cathode, plate current, receiving...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Reich Principles of Electron Tubes (1941)
Topics: voltage, grid, current, plate, tubes, electron, tube, circuit, anode, frequency, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,106
favorite 1
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA R-10 1933
Topics: plate, voltage, grid, volts, tube, filament, current, amplifier, resistor, screen, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,085
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Philips 1943 GVDR
Topics: van, een, het, den, bij, voor, wordt, aan, met, deze, van den, van een, van het, bij een, met een,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,076
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Phototubes 1941
Topics: phototube, circuit, relay, voltage, tube, grid, current, illumination, anode, sensitivity, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,065
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Kenyon Amateur 1937
Topics: type, watt, ohm, amateur, tubes, plate, tube, frequency, volt, grid, power supply, transformer...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,032
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Telefunken 1930-31
Topics: die, bei, und, von, eine, mit, den, rohren, bei der, von der, volt heizstrom, siehe charakteristik,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 1,007
favorite 2
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA TT-3 1938
Topics: plate, voltage, volts, grid, tube, watts, current, milliamperes, power, amplifier, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Mcarthur - Electronics and Electron Tubes (1936)
Topics: grid, voltage, current, tube, electron, cathode, anode, tubes, plate, electrons, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Tomer 1960 Getting the Most Out of Vacuum Tubes
Topics: tube, tubes, cathode, voltage, grid, current, heater, emission, characteristic, circuit, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 963
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-12 1934
Topics: voltage, plate, volts, grid, tube, current, amplifier, output, cathode, heater, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Reich - Theory and Applications of Electron Tubes (1944)
Topics: voltage, plate, grid, current, circuit, tube, tubes, frequency, electron, resistance, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Theory of Thermonic Vacuum Tubes (Chaffee 1933)
Topics: voltage, plate, grid, current, vacuum, circuit, triode, tubes, thermionic, tube, vacuum tubes,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Federal Telephone and Radio Corporation - Handbook of Tube Operation (2nd Ed. 1944)
Topics: grid, plate, voltage, tube, filament, current, tubes, power, carrier, operation, plate voltage,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Schure Vacuum Tube Rectifiers (1958)
Topics: voltage, output, rectifier, current, filter, tube, ripple, peak, rectifiers, load, output voltage,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Burroghs Nixie Tube Catalog B W
Topics: nixie, cathode, voltage, tube, tubes, current, anode, circuit, figure, ionization, cathode current,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Moyer - Radio Recieving and Television Tubes (1936)
Topics: voltage, tube, current, plate, tubes, circuit, grid, resistance, radio, vacuum, radio receiving,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Rider - Inside the Vacuum Tube (1945)
Topics: plate, voltage, grid, tube, current, electrons, cathode, vacuum, load, resistance, plate current,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 806
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA Amateu 1934
Topics: plate, voltage, grid, volts, filament, current, tube, watts, amplifier, class, plate voltage, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: taylor transmitting 193xtubes
Topics: plate, volts, tube, grid, watts, filament, mils, tubes, mmf, class, plate current, carbon anode,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 772
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: taylor tube catalog
Topics: plate, grid, volts, watts, filament, tube, maximum, ohms, tubes, voltage, plate volts, plate...
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA ST-59 Beam Power Tubes 1938
Topics: plate, beam, power, grid, cathode, tubes, voltage, potential, tube, current, beam power, power...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Preisman - Graphical Constructions for Vacuum Tube Circuits (1943)
Topics: voltage, grid, tube, plate, load, current, resistance, graphical, constructions, circuit, vacuum...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Secondary Electron Emission
Topics: secondary, emission, electrons, electron, yield, primary, energy, cathode, anode, potential,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: Peters - Theory of Thermonic Vacuum Tube Circuits (1927)
Topics: plate, circuit, voltage, grid, power, resistance, current, frequency, tube, triode, vacuum tube,...
Vacuum Tube Manual: The Thermonic Vacuum Tube and it's Applications (1920)
Topics: tube, current, voltage, grid, plate, thermionic, circuit, electrons, filament, vacuum, vacuum tube,...
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 428
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: Tube Numbering Systems.doc
Vacuum Tube Manuals
texts
eye 407
favorite 0
comment 0
Vacuum Tube Manual: RCA RC-22 1963
Topics: iii, ffl, ffi, ift, cos, lis, flj, sort, sis, volts, volts volts, volts watts
Vacuum Tube Manual: American Substitutes for Foreign Types.doc